♠ 出埃及記十災 VS 埃及的十個假神

 

 

十災次序

出埃及記經文

針對埃及的假神

1. 水變血

出埃及記 7 17 節:

尼羅河之神

The first plague, turning the Nile to blood, was a judgment against Apis, the god of the Nile, Isis, goddess of the Nile, and Khnum, guardian of the Nile. The Nile was also believed to be the bloodstream of Osiris, who was reborn each year when the river flooded

「耶和華這樣說:我要用我手裡的杖擊打河中的水,水就變作血;因此,你必知道我是耶和華。」

2. 蛙災

出埃及記 8 節:

蛙神海奎特(Heqet

The second plague, bringing frogs from the Nile, was a judgment against Heqet, the frog-headed goddess of birth.(青蛙頭的女神、生育之神)

3. 虱災

出埃及記 8 16 節:

大地之神

The third plague, gnats, was a judgment on Set, the god of the desert

「耶和華吩咐摩西說:『你對亞倫說:「伸出你的杖擊打地上的塵土,使塵土在埃及遍地變作虱子(或譯:虼蚤;下同)。」』」

4. 蠅災

出埃及記 8 21節:

蒼蠅之神別西卜

The fourth plague, flies, was a judgment on Uatchit, the fly god

「你若不容我的百姓去,我要叫成群的蒼蠅到你和你臣僕並你百姓的身上,進你的房屋,並且埃及人的房屋和他們所住的地都要滿了成群的蒼蠅。」

5. 畜疫之災

出埃及記93 – 4節:

以動物為形象的神

The fifth plague, the death of livestock, was a judgment on the goddess Hathor and the god Apis, who were both depicted as cattle. As with the previous plague

6. 瘡災

出埃及記98 – 9節:

藥神

The sixth plague, boils, was a judgment against several gods over health and disease (Sekhmet, Sunu, and Isis)

『耶和華吩咐摩西、亞倫說:「你們取幾捧爐灰,摩西要在法老面前向天揚起來。這灰要在埃及全地變作塵土,在人身上和牲畜身上成了起泡的瘡。」』

7. 雹災

出埃及記922 – 25節:

大氣(空氣)之神

The seventh plague, hail, attacked Nut, the sky goddess; Osiris, the crop fertility god; and Set, the storm god.

另一處記載神藉雹災破壞的植物包括桑樹。

(因埃及人要用桑樹為原料製作木乃伊)

詩篇7847節:

 

「他降冰雹打壞他們的葡萄樹,下嚴霜打壞他們的桑樹,」

 

8. 蝗災

出埃及記1012節:

農業之神

The eighth plague, locusts, again focused on Nut, Osiris, and Set.

『耶和華對摩西說:「你向埃及地伸杖,使蝗蟲到埃及地上來,吃地上一切的菜蔬,就是冰雹所剩的。」』

9. 黑暗之災

出埃及記1021 – 22節:

太陽神

The ninth plague, darkness, was aimed at the sun god, Re, who was symbolized by Pharaoh himself.

『耶和華對摩西說:「你向天伸杖,使埃及地黑暗;這黑暗似乎摸得著。」摩西向天伸杖,埃及遍地就烏黑了三天。』

10.擊殺長子

出埃及記114 – 6節:

法老

The tenth and last plague, the death of the firstborn males, was a judgment on Isis, the protector of children

『摩西說:「耶和華這樣說:『約到半夜,我必出去巡行埃及遍地。凡在埃及地,從坐寶座的法老直到磨子後的婢女所有的長子,以及一切頭生的牲畜,都必死。埃及遍地必有大哀號;從前沒有這樣的,後來也必沒有。」』

(法老即為人間的荷魯斯。〔Horus〕)