詩篇的結構和主旨

最突出的是組成詩篇的五卷“書”:

  • 卷一:詩一~四十一
  • 卷二:詩四十二~七十二
  • 卷三:詩七十三~八十九
  • 卷四:詩九十~一○六
  • 卷五:詩一○七~一五○

分隔這五卷書的界線是每卷書結尾的榮耀頌

結束卷一的榮耀頌是四十一篇13節〔四十一14〕:“耶和華以色列的神是應當稱頌的,從亙古直到永遠。阿們,阿們!”

卷二、三和四都以類似的榮耀頌結束(七十二18-20,八十九52〔八十九53〕,一○六48)。

卷五是以作為榮耀頌的詩篇一百五十篇結束,或者是以最後整個系列的“哈利路亞詩篇”,即詩篇一百四十六至一百五十篇結束。


每一卷書都有自己的特色。

卷一幾乎每一篇詩都看作是大衞的作品,而且幾乎每一次都是以耶和華這個名字來稱呼神。

卷二大部分詩篇同樣都出自大衞手筆,或是可拉的後裔所寫的,但在這個集子裏,通常是以神代替耶和華的稱號。卷卷三和四是比較小的集子,每一卷都只有17篇詩。大部分卷三的詩被認為是亞薩或可拉的後裔所寫的(或者是為亞薩或可拉的後裔而寫的),而且主要是會眾的祈禱。

卷四的詩篇也多半是會眾的禱告,全都是不知名詩人的作品。

卷五有不同種類的詩篇,大部分作者不詳,但其中有兩個短小的系列是大衞的作品。


The structure of Psalms

Psalms is really five smaller books in one. And since each of these smaller books is an anthology, there’s really not a single narrative to follow throughout the book; however, there are a few things we can learn from the book’s structure:

Book One (Ps 1–41) is mostly written by David, and focuses on God’s ability to deliver those who fear Him. We see David pour out his heart to God, beg for protection, and ask for help against his enemies. Of all the books, this is the most personal, and has the feel of a one-on-one interaction with God. In Book One, we see the Lord beside us during times of trouble.


Book Two (Ps 42–72) focuses on God as the mighty Judge and King. He is the executor of justice on all nations, and the rescuer of those who delight in Him. In Book Two, we see the Lord going before us to execute justice on His enemies.


Book Three (Ps 73–89) is mostly written by the sons of Asaph, a family devoted to leading the people in worship to God in His temple (1 Ch 25:1). This book focuses on God’s relationship with the whole nation of Israel, not just the psalmist. It emphasizes God’s faithfulness—a faithfulness that spans generations. In Book Three, we see the Lord around us, remaining faithful to His people through the generations.


Book Four (Ps 90–106) directs our eyes to the Lord who rules over all the earth. Several of these psalms begin with simply, “The Lord reigns,” or “Praise the Lord!” This part of Psalms shows the Lord above us, the kind and righteous God who deserves our worship and praise.


And in Book Five (Ps 107–150), we are called to thank Him. He’s the Savior, deliverer, and God of all. In Book Five, we see the Lord among us, in His temple with his people.