跟保羅有關的公元52年Gallio銘文

Delphi Inscription, or Gallio Inscription

德爾菲銘文(Delphi Inscription)或Gallio銘文是羅馬皇帝克勞迪烏斯(Claudius c。)公元52年,於20世紀初在希臘德爾菲的阿波羅神廟被發現。


銘文的全文中有提到迦流Junius Gallio

Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus, invested with tribunician power for the 12th time, acclaimed Imperator for the 26th time, Father of the Father land…. For a long time have I been not only well-disposed towards the city of Delphi, but also solicitous for its prosperity, and I have always guarded the cult of the Pythian Apollo. But now since it is said to be destitute of citizens, as L. Junius Gallio, my friend and proconsul, recently reported to me, and being desirous that Delphi should retain intact its former rank, I order you (pl.) to invite well-born people also from other cities to Delphi as new inhabitants….][4]


迦流記載在使徒行傳18章

保羅在那裡住了一年零六個月,將神的道教訓他們。到迦流亞該亞方伯的時候 While Gallio was proconsul of Achaia,,猶太人同心起來攻擊保羅,拉他到公堂,說:這個人勸人不按著律法敬拜神。保羅剛要開口,迦流就對猶太人說:你們這些猶太人!如果是為冤枉或奸惡的事,我理當耐性聽你們。但所爭論的,若是關乎言語、名目,和你們的律法,你們自己去辦吧!這樣的事我不願意審問;就把他們攆出公堂。(徒18:11-16)


歷史中的Gallio迦流(加里奧)

盧基烏斯·朱尼厄斯·加里奧·安那埃努斯(拉丁語:Lucius Junius Gallio Annaeanus 前5年-65年),羅馬帝國元老院元老,老塞內卡之子,知名哲學家塞內卡的哥哥,在擔任羅馬亞該亞行省總督期間在科林斯處理過涉及使徒保羅的一起案件,以其公正而知名。由於Gallio加里奧擔任總督的時間可以準確確定(51年-52年),該事件成為使徒保羅一生中可以最準確確定時間的事件